The function of the Iron Dome is to detect, analyze, and intercept missile attacks such as mortars, rockets, and artillery from a distance of up to 70 kilometers away.
It has the capability to function day or night and in every type of weather condition, like fog, rain, dust storms, and low clouds.
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Iron Dome works in the following manner:
Iron Dome comprises three main parts:
- Detection & Tracking Radar (Highly advanced radar system that tracks and detects incoming missiles).
- Battle Management & Weapon Control (A control system created by Israeli firm mPrest that analyzes the information from the radar).
- Missile Firing Unit (It launches the Tamir rockets and intercepts and blows the missile in the air).
The Iron Dome is easily portable and can be set up in just a few hours, and the missile interceptors themselves are highly maneuverable.
There are 10 Iron Dome batteries across Israel, each of which includes three to four launchers and 20 missiles per launcher.
It can carry high explosives up to 11 kilograms.
Iron Dome is designed for shorter-range threats; it is not capable of handling a more potent missile like a ballistic missile because those missiles are faster with longer and steeper trajectories.
It has successfully destroyed approximately 1,500 rockets since it was operational from Mach 2011.
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Israel has occupied Palestine illegally since 1967, and Despite such a strong defense system, Hamas (the political force of Palestine) and Hezbollah have successfully fired missiles at Israel from the Gaza Strip and Lebanon multiple times.
The most recent attack was on 7th October 2023, in which thousands of missiles were fired by Hamas into Israeli territory. Hundreds of casualties were reported on both sides consequently.
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